BIOGRAPHY- BILL GATES PART-1

ORIGINAL NAME: William Henry Gates III

BORN: October 28, 1955 (63 years)

WHERE? – Seattle gates, Washington.

NATIONALITY– American

SIBLINGS: 2.

  1. Kristi( older sister)
  2. Libby ( younger sister)

MOTHER NAME: Mary Maxwell.

FATHER NAME: William h. gates II.

Current status:

  1. Technology adviser on Microsoft.
  2. Co- chairman of Bill and Melinda gates foundation.
  3. CEO of cascade investment.
  4. Chairman of Branded entertainment network.
  5. Chairman of Terra power

NET WORTH: $ 96.6 Billion.

Wife name: Melinda French Gates.

Children: 3

  1. Katherine ( 1996)
  2. Rory john (1999)
  3. Phoebe Adele ( 2002)

Website: gatesnotes.org

CHILDHOOD AND EDUCATION:

Bill Gates was second among three children. His father William h. gates II was a promising lawyer. His mother name was Mary Maxwell. She was an athletic and student at the university of Washington, also actively participated in student affairs and leadership. her profession was of a teacher in the university of Washington regent and chairwoman of the united way international. she was active in business, education, public service. Their family atmosphere was known as a place where children were taught to be competitive.

Bill from childhood was very competitive in nature, as family athletic games at their summer house on Puget Sound was coordinated by him. He was also interested in playing board games (risk was one of his favorite games), he also excelled in monopoly. When he started going to school he learned everything very quickly. The people who know him say that it was almost impossible to win an argument against him as he knew so much. Bill was an adherent reader as a child, he used to spend his time reading books such as an encyclopedia. In school, he was excellent in math and science. Although he was a brilliant student he was getting bored in school and his parents knew it. They decided to enroll him in a private school known for its intense academic environment. At the age of 13, he was enrolled at Lakeside School, an exclusive private school.

Bill gates first encounter with a computer:

In 1968, bill gates first used a computer, as the computer was a bit expensive at that time, lakeside held a fundraiser and acquired a computer with a cost of 7000 dollars USD, it was DEC PDP-10 owned by general electric. He along with Paul Allen and other students got addicted to the computer, they used to spend their day and night writing programs and reading all the material they could get. With these gates and Paul became fast friends. To learn more about computers they would sometimes search trash bins of local computer companies to find programmer’s old notes.

As they were so much interested in computer, in late 1968 they formed a group called “programmers group”. Other than interest in programming, gates had this unique talent in business as well and that’s why he became the leader of the group.

Gates excused math to pursue his interest in programing the GE system in BASIC.  He wrote his first program on a piece of paper, a game of tic-tac-toe that allowed users to play against computer.

In 1968, THE COMPUTER CENTRE CORPORATION opened in Seattle, which was offering computer time at reasonable rates. In the deal held between lakeside and C-cubed (COMPUTER CENTRE CORPORATION), it allowed the lakeside school to provide computer time to students. This was an opportunity for gates and friends, they spare no time to explore new things, but soon it stated causing problems. They crashed the system and also broke the security system. They were also banned for several weeks because they were altering the file that recorded the computer time.

In late 1968, they struck a deal with c-cubed, in exchange of unlimited computer time, he and his friends searched the bugs and weakness in the system.

In March 1970, c- cubed went out of business and his place took by information science Inc. who hired them to create a payroll program, they would get computer time and royalties in exchange of this.

At the age of 14, Traf-O-Data was his and Allen project creating software to help measure traffic flow. They earned $ 20,000 from the company in total. He also developed programs for this school One for payroll and second for class scheduling.

Gates develop a passion for operating system, source code and computer languages including BASIC, FORTRAN, LISP, and COBOL.

 CAREER:

Bill gates was graduated from Lakeside in 1973, he got 1590 out of 1600 in SAT. He enrolled himself in Harvard University to study mathematics and computer science. Gates once thought of pursuing a carrier in law for the admiration with politics. Steve Ballmer who later became his partner and CEO of Microsoft met Gates in Harvard only.

Microsoft came into existence:

In a cover of popular electronics (a magazine) there was an ad of Alter 8800, an inexpensive microcomputer produced by a company called MITS, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Ed Roberts who ran this product was looking for programmers, Allen and gates saw this as an opportunity to start a new industry. They approached Altair and told them that they were working on the program though they weren’t. Altair wanted a demonstration in few weeks. He worked hard for this and in a span of a month they went to New Mexico to run the software and it worked perfectly fine. This led to the first product made by Microsoft the Altair BASIC. So Altair BASIC was a programming language which ran on Altair 8800. Due to the success of Altair BASIC, gates decided to drop Harvard and didn’t returned to complete his studies.

In 1975, Gate along with his friend Paul Allen formed Microsoft and never look back. Microsoft was located in Albuquerque from 1976-79. On January, 01, 1979 they relocated it in Bellevue, Washington. It was near his hometown of Seattle, a reason that would make the Pacific Northwest a center of the computer software industry. It was comprised of 25 employees of young talent and everybody had broad responsibilities of operation, product development, business development and marketing etc… Gates because he had business sense, made himself as the head of Microsoft. Microsoft was of worth $ 2.5 million in 1978. Bill was only 23 at that time.

Do you know?

Microsoft was an abbreviation of microcomputer software.

Gates open letter:

In February 1976, Gates wrote an open letter because the code they wrote was wide spread and copied among computer enthusiasts, in his letter he conveys his objection on his OS being used without any payment. He also expresses his inability to provide quality software in future without compensation.

Ed Robert, president of MITS didn’t have good relation with gates, he consider gates as spoiled and obnoxious. In 1977, Robert sold MITS to another company, and went back to Georgia to become a doctor.  Then the pair of gate and Allen had to sue the new owner to retain the software rights they had developed for Altair.

MICROSOFT JOURNEY:

Microsoft began to expand and specialize in languages such as BASIC, COBOL, FORTAN, PASCAL etc… As the dominant player in the industry was IBM, it had long resisted the concept of personal computer because mainframe was heart of its business. When IBM finally decided to come into manufacturing computers in 1980, they went to gates for the operating system. How? Well bill gates mother served in IBM, it’s through her, bill gates got to meet the CEO of IBM and impresses him in the first meeting itself. In 1980(four years later) IBM approached bill gates to provide an operating system fir their computer line.

As Microsoft had never written an operating system for new computers. He suggested 86-DOS, an operating system by Tim Patterson of Seattle computer products (SCP). He side by side negotiated with SCP and made Microsoft the sole licensing agent of 86-DOS and later the full owner. He then renamed it as PC-DOS and took one-time fee from IBM retaining copyright. After IBM success other companies also started creating less expensive DOS based personal computers. The only serious competitor of Microsoft at that time was APPLE as it was making their own operating system, Macintosh.

After WindowsTM     the computer became accessible to everyone as it interface was easy.  Microsoft used to buy small up and coming companies that were developing software packages into Microsoft. For this gates was being criticized to forcing out competition.

When he stepped down as CEO for the first time:

Netscape was a company that made a browser which allowed users to access the internet. While Netscape was soaring high, Microsoft was far behind, it then promptly released a web browser explorer. In mid-1990’s Microsoft packaged internet explorer with Windows 95, pushing its browser upon new computers users. After the success of explorer, he yet to know he would be receiving a nationwide law suit which could cost Microsoft millions. Gates was charged with practicing unlawful conduct and running a monopoly in 1998. To save his company, bill gates stepped down as CEO and allowed Steve blamer in his place. Bill gates become chairman then.

To acquire apple business, Microsoft released a software called soft card, which allowed Microsoft basic to run in Apple II machines.

In between 1978-1981 the revenue of Microsoft went from $4 million to $ 16 million. Its staff also increased from 25 to 128.

By 1983, around 30% of the computers were running on its software. But this year also brought a news that rocked Microsoft foundation, Paul Allen was diagnosed with Hodgkin’s disease, Allen resigned from the company in the same year. Rumors say that bill gates pushed him out and some say that it was Allen who saw other opportunities at that time.

Microsoft and Apple:

In 1981, Apple invited Microsoft to develop software for Macintosh computers. Some of the developers were involved in both the companies. A system was that used a mouse to drive a graphic interface, displaying text and images on the screen, on the other hand  in MS-DOS system  all the text formatting showed on the screen as code and not what actually would be printed. Bill gates saw that as a threat that this kind of software pose for MS-DOS and overall Microsoft.

On November 10, 1983 Microsoft formally announced Microsoft windows, a new generation operating system that would provide a GUI interface and multitasking for IBM computers. The announcement was a bluff, it was a marketing tactic because nearly 30% of the computer was using MS-DOS and would wait for windows rather change to a new system. Microsoft promised that the new product will be up on April 1984. Finally on 20th November 1985, Microsoft launched windows 1.0, but the problem is visually it looked very similar to Macintosh system. Apple had earlier gave full access to Microsoft to their technology and because Apple didn’t licensed its software, gates took it as an opportunity of the situation and created a software format that was similar to the Macintosh. Apple threaten Microsoft to sue. In the end Microsoft won in the court proving that while there were similarities in how the two software system operated, each individual function was different.

Microsoft and IBM:

On November 1983, bill gates showed beta version of windows to IBM heads, they didn’t show much interest to this as they were working on their own software known as Top View. Top View got released in February 1985, as a DOS program manager without any GUI features. IBM promised to have GUI feature in future but it didn’t make it to its promise and this program was discontinued id merely after two years.

IBM with several other tech companies began to develop their own operating system called as OS/2 to replace Microsoft MS-DOS. In 1989, Microsoft introduced Microsoft-office to the world, it was comprises of office productivity applications such as MS word, MS excel into one system. These applications were not easily compatible with OS/2. Microsoft new version sold 10,000 copies in 2 weeks and OS/2 faded away.

When Bill gates became a millionaire:

In 1986, bill gates took Microsoft in public with initial public offering (IPO) of $21 per share, gate took 45% of the company i.e. 24.5 million Shares and thus becomes a millionaire at the age of 31. Microsoft stake was $540 million at that time and bill stake was $234 million.

He became a billionaire in 1987 when the stock raised $ 90.75 a share.

Gates story of dedication:

Although he was on top of his game, he never felt secure about the status of the company. He was very dedicated towards his work and he wants others also to have the same spirit and dedication for the company. This story was told by his assistant, that one day she came early for work and she found someone under the desk, she was about to call the security when she found out that it was bill gates sleeping under the desk.

VARIOUS VERSIONS OF MICROSOFT WINDOWS:

1. Windows 2.0:

On 9th December, 1987, Microsoft released a much improved version of windows 2.0. It was made to look more like a mac. Windows 2.0 had icons to represent programs and files improved support for expanded- memory hardware and windows that could overlap. Apple saw the resemblance and filed a case against Microsoft to violating the 1985 licensing agreement.

2. Windows 3.0:

On 22nd may 1990, windows 3.0 was released, it had

  1. Improved program manager
  2. New file manager
  3. Support of 16 colors
  4. Improved speed and reliability

Windows gained widespread third party support that was most important. Programmers started writing programs that was windows friendly, this gave reason for buyers to buy windows 3.0.

3 million copies were sold in the first year.

3. Windows 3.1:

On 6th April 1992 windows 3.0 was released, 3 million copies were sold in first 2 months. Things that were added:

  1. True type scalable font support.
  2. Multimedia ability was added
  3. Object linking and embedding (OLE)
  4. Application rebooting capability.

Windows 3.x became the number one OS installed in computer until 1997.

4. Windows 95:

On 24th august 1995, Windows 95 was launched, it was so great that even consumers without home computers bought the copies. Reason were:

  1. Windows 95 considered to be very user friendly.
  2. Include an integrated TCP/IP stack
  3. Dial up networking ‘
  4. Long filename support

It was the first version which doesn’t required MS-DOS to be installed beforehand.

5. Windows 98:

On 25th June 1998, Microsoft released windows 98. It was an updated version of Windows 95.

  1. It had internet browser called INTERNET EXPLORER 4.
  2. Built in and supported new input devices like USB.

6. Windows 2000:

It was based on Microsoft NT technology. It now offered automatic software updates over the internet for windows.

7. Windows XP:

 On 25th October 2001 windows XP was released. It was solely produced for the use on personal computers running x86 and IA-64 processers. Windows XP was the successor of both windows 2000 and windows ME. It was the first consumer program Microsoft built on Windows NT kernel and architecture.

  1. Over 400 million were sold by January 2006.
  2. The most common editions of the OS are windows XP home edition as it was for home users.
  3. Windows XP professional, offers additional features such as support for windows server domains.
  4. Windows XP media center edition has an additional multimedia features enhancing the ability to record and watch TV shows , view DVD movies and listen to music.
  5. Windows XP tablet edition was designed to run stylus applications build using the tablet PC platform.

Windows XP got appreciated for:

  • Being user friendly
  • Improved stability and efficiency
  • Present significantly redesigned GUI.
  • New software management facility called side-by-side assembly introduced to avoid the DLL hell that plagued older consumer- oriented 9x versions of windows.

Windows XP got criticized for:

  • User security vulnerabilities
  • Tight integration of applications such as internet explorer 6 and windows media player.

Do you know?

Windows XP was the most widely used OS in the world with its peak of 85% costumers in 2006.

8. Windows vista:

On 30th January 2007, it was released worldwide and was available in Microsoft website to download.

Windows vista came almost after 5 years after its predecessor windows XP. It was the longest span in between any two versions of windows. Windows vista had:

  1. Updated GUI
  2. Visual size dubbed windows Aero
  3. Windows DVD maker
  4. Redesigned networking
  5. Audio, print and display sub systems.
  6. Included version 3.0 of the .NET framework, which aims to make it easier for software developers to write applications than with traditional windows API.
  7. Improved state of security.

Criticized for:

  1. Its high system requirements
  2. Its more restricting licensing terms
  3. Inclusion of number of  new digital rights management technologies
  4. Lack of compatibility with some pre-vista hardware and software
  5. Authorization prompts of user account control.

Note:

Because of these issues, windows vista satisfaction rates were lower than Windows XP.

9. Windows 7:

On 22 July 2009 it was released to manufacturing and become generally available for public on 22nd October 2009. It was less than 3 years after the release of its predecessor windows vista. It was intended to address windows vista poor critical reception while maintaining hardware and software compatibility. It was:

  1. Redesigned task bat that allows applications to be “pinned” to it.
  2. Support of multi touch input.
  3. Action center interface were added to provide overview of system security and maintenance information
  4. handwriting recognition
  5. support of virtual hard disks
  6. improved performance on multi core processors
  7. Improved boot performance.

In 6 months, over 100 million copies were sold worldwide.

Do you know?

As of December 2018, 35.55% of computers are still running on windows 7.

10. Windows 8:

On 26th October 2012, it was generally released for the public, it introduced major changes to the OS platform. Windows was now competing with mobile OS including android and iOS.

New:

  1. Support of USB 3.0 advance format hard drives.
  2. Faster startup trough UEFI integration and now “hybrid boot” mode.
  3. New lock screen with clock and notification

It got mixed reviews from critics.

Windows 8.1:

On October 17th 2013 Microsoft released windows 8.1 to address some aspects of windows 8. It was released as a free download for public.

11: Windows 10:

It’s the latest version of windows. On 29th July 2015, it was released for the public.

  1. Windows 10 reverted back to windows 7 style start menu
  2. It included the windows subsystem for Linux.
  3. Able to pin an app to all the virtual desktop
  4. Made it easier to see a calendar by just clicking or tapping the taskbar

This was part 1 one of bill gates biography, in part 2 which is coming very soon, you will get know about his personal life, his personality, about his foundation and charitable work, the awards he received, his books and much more.

Thanks for reading..:)

Comments

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